There is a lot of pressure at all levels to excell in sports. This pressure can lead athletes to overtrain which can hinder or damage your long term athletic developement. Because of this it is a good idea to be aware of these signs and syptoms of overtraining.
7 Signs and symptoms of overtraining
- Abusing alcohol and/or drugs: This includes prescription pain medication. If you think you or a teammate may be abusing a controlled substance immediately talk with a trusted adult or a medical professional. This can not only damage your athletic ability but it will also damage other aspects of your life.
- Extreme fluctuations of weight: You will have fluctuations of weight before and after each training session. You will also have weight changes during the season as you develop more muscle mass. Ask your athletic trainer what an appropriate fluctuation of weight as is as sports may vary. Here is a link some further information about weight fluctuation.
- Poor nutrition: Eating properly is a huge component of performance. Too much processed foods or fast foods may indicate you are spending an excessive amount of time in training and not enough time properly fueling your body. There are lots of great resources for sports specific nutrition. Check out this document for an overview of soccer nutrition.
- Poor planning: This involves planning of food, workouts, competitions, and rest. Making the time to properly plan increases the effectiveness of all these things. Poor planning can also lead to signs and symptoms number 6 and 7.
- Heavily focused or biased workouts: This occurs when you are working a component over and over. The component can be both technical (steps in low diving) or tactical (when and how to distribute to your outside backs.
- Monotony in training: It’s ok to do the same thing a couple days in row. But, when you find yourself doing the same activity, at the same time, and in the same sequence it is time to change things up a bit.
- Raising the volume or intensity of training t0o quickly: You’re body can’t adapt if you do too much too soon.
Doug Diller M.A. Coaching and Athletic Admisnistration, USSF “C”